BCE Timeline | History | The Roman Military

Time line of Roman History before 1 BCE.

753 BCE According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus.
387 BCE In 387 BCE Ancient Rome is sacked and looted by the Gauls, a neighboring empire.
367 BCE In 367 BCE plebeians, the lower class, gained the right to be consuls, the two chief magistrates. These Consuls were elected annually.
343 to 290 BCE In the period of 343 to 290 BCE, the Romans conquered the Sabines to the North, and the Samnites to the South East.
280 BCE In 280 BCE many Greek cities in South Italy were taken by Rome.
264 to 241 BCE In 264 to 241 BCE Rome fought Carthage in the First Punic War. Rome won, gaining Sicily.
238 BCE In 238 BCE Sardinia was taken from Carthage.
226 to 222 BCE From 226 to 222 BCE Rome battled against Gauls. The Second Punic war erupts. Carthage is invaded from Spain, and Hannibal came over the Alps with his elephants. Most of his army died on the way over the Alps. His elephants became a disadvantage, as Roman legion would use drums and trumpet to scare the elephants in turning and trampling their own people.
202 BCE In 202 BCE General Scipio Africanus destroys Hannibal at Zama. Carthage gives up its Spanish colonies.
149 BCE In 149 BCE the Third Punic war begins.
146 BCE 146 BCE: Greece became in effect a Roman province. Carthage was destroyed and its territory taken.
91 to 88 BCE From 91 to 88 BCE: There is a civil war in the Empire. Italians want all inclusive citizenship to the Roman Empire.
60 BCE 60 BCE: The First Triumvirate was formed. This is an alliance between Pompey and the democratic leaders Crassus and Caesar. This further unifies the Roman Empire.
51 BCE In 51 BCE: Caesar conquered Gaul as far as the Rhine. Caesar begins his dictatorship.
49 BCE 49 BCE: Caesar returns to Rome. Pompey's radical political party rebels against Caesar's rising power, and a civil war begins.
48 BCE 48 BCE: Pompey is defeated by Caesar.
44 BCE 44 BCE: Caesar is assassinated by members of the senate.
43 BCE 43 BCE: Second Triumvirate formed by Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus.
32 BCE In 32 BCE there is a war between Octavian and Mark Antony. A year later Octavian wins.
27 BCE 27 BCE: Octavian took the name Augustus. He became the absolute ruler, although he took the title first citizen to prevent panic. This begins Pax Romana. (200 years of prosperity)